Since 2004, it has hosted the Chinese Grand Prix, a round of the Formula One World Championship. The port is connected with the mainland through the 32-kilometer (20 mi) long Donghai Bridge. Various art forms—including photography, wood carving, sculpture, comics (Manhua), and Lianhuanhua—thrived. [99] The only exception is Chen Liangyu, who was fired in 2006 and later convicted of corruption. [130] As of 2019[update], the Shanghai Stock Exchange had a market capitalization of US$4.02 trillion, making it the largest stock exchange in China and the fourth-largest stock exchange in the world. [302], Air pollution in Shanghai is not as severe as in many other Chinese cities, but is still considered substantial by world standards. [267] A small troupe from Shengxian (now Shengzhou) also began to promote Yue opera on the Shanghainese stage. [276], Since 2001, Shanghai has held its own fashion week called Shanghai Fashion Week twice every year in April and October. [60] The city experiences four distinct seasons. As of 2019[update], there are 17 metro lines (excluding the Shanghai maglev train and Jinshan Railway), 415 stations, and 704.91 km (438 mi) of lines in operation, making it the longest network in the world. (Xinhua/Chen Fei) BEIJING, Jan. 7 (Xinhua) -- China's foreign exchange reserves expanded to 3.2165 trillion U.S. dollars at the end of December, as the country's forex market remained generally stable, official data showed Thursday. By 1957, there were only one hundred Jews remaining in Shanghai. [68] One of the most famous architects working in Shanghai was László Hudec, a Hungarian-Slovak who lived in the city between 1918 and 1947. Shanghai has been described as the "showpiece" of the booming economy of China. With monthly percent possible sunshine ranging from 34% in March to 54% in August, the city receives 1,895 hours of bright sunshine annually. Drama appeared in missionary schools in Shanghai in the late 19th century. They often cannot speak the local language and therefore use Putonghua as a lingua franca. Developments on the coronavirus front will likely continue to be monitored by investors and could weigh on sentiment. The former district of Nanhui was absorbed into Pudong District in 2009. [168] Since the 1990s, many migrants outside of the Wu-speaking region have come to Shanghai for education and jobs. [74], One distinctive cultural element is the shikumen (石库门, "stone storage door") residence, typically two- or three-story gray brick houses with the front yard protected by a heavy wooden door in a stylistic stone arch. Japanese consul to Kaunas, Lithuania, Chiune Sugihara issued thousands of visas to Jewish refugees who were escaping the Nazi's Final Solution to the Jewish Question. [281] China's top-tier basketball team, the Shanghai Sharks of the Chinese Basketball Association, developed Yao Ming before he entered the NBA. This is different from the official Chinese dialect, Mandarin, which is mutually unintelligible with Wu Chinese. Danielson, Eric N., Shanghai and the Yangzi Delta, 2004, p.10. [39], The golden age of Shanghai began with its elevation to municipality on 7 July 1927. [292] Some of the parks also have become popular tourist attractions due to their unique location, history, or architecture. joint venture university—since 2012. First held in 1996, the Shanghai Biennale has become an important place for Chinese and foreign arts to interact. [65][66], Shanghai has a rich collection of buildings and structures of various architectural styles. [10] The city's compulsory education system is among the best in the world: in 2009 and 2012, 15-year-old students from Shanghai ranked first in every subject (math, reading, and science) in the Program for International Student Assessment, a worldwide study of academic performance conducted by the OECD. [62] It does not administratively include an exclave of Jiangsu on northern Chongming or the two islands forming Shanghai's Yangshan Port, which are parts of Zhejiang's Shengsi County. cSeparate state-planning cities. Winters are temperate to cold and damp—northwesterly winds from Siberia can cause nighttime temperatures to drop below freezing. [45] In the 1930s, some 30,000 Ashkenazi Jewish refugees from Europe arrived in the city. As of 2015[update], these county-level divisions are further divided into the following 210 township-level divisions: 109 towns, 2 townships, and 99 subdistricts. [163], Islam came into Shanghai during the Yuan dynasty. [42] In the last two decades, Shanghai has been one of the fastest-developing cities in the world; it has recorded double-digit GDP growth in almost every year between 1992 and 2008, before the financial crisis of 2007–08. [109], Shanghai has been described as the "showpiece" of the booming economy of China. [55] In 1964, the city's administrative divisions were rearranged to 10 urban districts and 10 counties. [98] Zeng Qinghong, a former deputy party secretary of Shanghai, also rose to the Politburo Standing Committee and became the Vice President and an influential power broker. The Shanghai Christmas Scene. Most inbound flights were canceled, and more than 50 flights at Pudong International Airport were diverted. 3Prefecture capital status established by Heilongjiang Province and not recognized by Ministry of Civil Affairs. In reality, the weather you experience likely won’t be a historical average. [84] Skyscrapers outside of Lujiazui include the White Magnolia Plaza in Hongkou, the Shimao International Plaza in Huangpu, and the Shanghai Wheelock Square in Jing'an. [249], Benbang cuisine (本帮菜)[250] is cooking style that originated in the 1600s, with influences from surrounding provinces. Featuring several architecture styles such as Art Deco and shikumen, the city is renowned for its Lujiazui skyline, museums and historic buildings—including the City God Temple, Yu Garden, the China Pavilion and buildings along the Bund. [254], The Songjiang School (淞江派), containing the Huating School (华亭派) founded by Gu Zhengyi,[255] was a small painting school in Shanghai during the Ming and Qing Dynasties. [273] China's first short film, The Difficult Couple (1913), and the country's first fictional feature film, An Orphan Rescues His Grandfather (孤儿救祖记, 1923)[274] were both produced in Shanghai. [119][120] Shanghai's nominal GDP is projected to reach US$1.3 trillion in 2035 (ranking first in China), making it one of the world's Top 5 major cities in terms of GRP according to a study by Oxford Economics. [117] In 2019, the average annual disposable income of Shanghai's residents was CN¥69,442 (US$9,808) per capita, making it one of the wealthiest cities in China,[10] but also the most expensive city in mainland China to live in according to a 2017 study by the Economist Intelligence Unit. Shanghai is a major hub of China's expressway network. [223][224], Shanghai is one of the largest air transportation hubs in Asia. Japan built the first factories in Shanghai, which was soon copied by other foreign powers. Vegetation can be grown in the courtyard, and it can also allow for sunlight and ventilation to the rooms. 5The claimed province of Taiwan no longer have any internal division announced by Ministry of Civil Affairs of PRC, due to lack of actual jurisdiction. In AD 751 during the mid-Tang dynasty, Huating County was established by Zhao Juzhen, the governor of Wu Commandery, at modern-day Songjiang, the first county-level administration within modern-day Shanghai. 2 High School Attached to East China Normal University, High School Affiliated to Fudan University, High School Affiliated to Shanghai Jiao Tong University, bridge–tunnel complex across Yangtze River, Along the River During the Qingming Festival, Museum of the First National Congress of the Chinese Communist Party, Former Site of Provisional Government of the Republic of Korea, Uncle Tom's Cabin; or, Life Among the Lowly, Shanghai International Fashion Culture Festival, List of twin towns and sister cities in China, List of economic and technological development zones in Shanghai, Shanghai International Football Tournament, Shanghai Scientific and Technical Publishers, "The Shanghainese of 6000 Years Ago – the Majiabang Culture", Institute of Archaeology, Chinese Academy of Social Sciences, Ministry Of Commerce of the People's Republic of China, "A tale of megacities: China's largest metropolises", National Academy for Educational Research, Ministry of State Security of the People's Republic of China, The Life and Campaigns of Hugh, First Viscount Gough, Field-Marshal, The Middle Kingdom: A Survey of the Geography, Government, Literature, Social Life, Arts, and History of the Chinese Empire and its Inhabitants, "Shanghai: Global financial center? [188], Shanghai has an extensive public transportation system comprising metros, buses, ferries, and taxis, all of which can be accessed using a Shanghai Public Transport Card. "Fourth Island Wetland Emerging", pp. [58] As of 2020, Shanghai is classified as an Alpha+ city by the Globalization and World Cities Research Network, making it one of the world's Top 10 major cities.[59]. [7], Downtown Shanghai is bisected by the Huangpu River, a man-made tributary of the Yangtze created by order of Lord Chunshen during the Warring States period. The Bund, located by the bank of the Huangpu River, is home to a row of early 20th-century architecture, ranging in style from the neoclassical HSBC Building to the Art Deco Sassoon House (now part of the Peace Hotel). Danielson, Eric N., Shanghai and the Yangzi Delta, 2004, p.9, pp.11–12, p.34. [201] In 2018, the steel wheeled Songjiang Tram started operating in Songjiang District. bSub-provincial cities as provincial capitals. [297] Shanghai Botanical Garden is located 12 km (7 mi) southwest of the city center and was established in 1978. Saudi International. New home prices in four first-tier cities -- Beijing, Shanghai, Shenzhen and Guangzhou -- rose 0.3 percent month on month in December, compared with a 0.2-percent increase registered in November, according to data from the National Bureau of Statistics. [40] Headed by a Chinese mayor and municipal council, the new city government's first task—the Greater Shanghai Plan—was to create a new city center in Jiangwan town of Yangpu district, outside the boundaries of the foreign concessions. 4th February to 7th February. [197] By 1925, there were 328 tramcars and 14 routes operated by Chinese, French, and British companies collaboratively,[198] all of which were nationalized after the PRC's victory in 1949. [9] The city's few hills, such as She Shan, lie to the southwest, and its highest point is the peak of Dajinshan Island (103 m or 338 ft) in Hangzhou Bay. Shanghai base metals fell across the board in overnight trading. Scholars have theorized that this likely reflected the town's economic importance, as opposed to its low political status. [164], Shanghai has several folk religious temples, including the City God Temple at the heart of the Old City, the Dajing Ge Pavilion dedicated to the Three Kingdoms general Guan Yu, the Confucian Temple of Shanghai, and a major Taoist center Shanghai White Cloud Temple [zh] where the Shanghai Taoist Association locates. The port experienced thriving trade with provinces along the Yangtze and the Chinese coast, as well as with foreign countries such as Japan and Silla. From 2013 to 2018, more than 3,000 treatment facilities for industrial waste gases were installed, and the city's annual smoke, nitrogen oxide, and sulfur dioxide emission decreased by 65%, 54%, and 95%, respectively.[311][312]. [200] Shanghai reintroduced trams in 2010, as a modern rubber-tire Translohr system in Zhangjiang area of East Shanghai as Zhangjiang Tram. About 11,500 people were unjustly persecuted to death. This is obviously part of high season in Santiago, although the first half of the month won't be as crowded or expensive as the second half. [313][314] Additionally, the government has moved almost all the factories within the city center to either the outskirts or other provinces,[315] and provided incentives for transportation companies to invest in LPG buses and taxis. [78], Some of Shanghai's buildings feature Soviet neoclassical architecture or Stalinist architecture, though the city has fewer such structures than Beijing. The first was in 1986, with a new promenade by the Dutch architect Paulus Snoeren. The city then flourished, becoming a primary commercial and financial hub of the Asia-Pacific region in the 1930s. How the name should be understood has been disputed, but Chinese historians have concluded that during the Tang dynasty, the area of modern-day Shanghai was under the sea level, so the land appeared to be literally "on the sea". [135], As one of the main industrial centers of China, Shanghai plays a key role in domestic manufacturing and heavy industry. Shanghai, the mainland’s commercial and financial capital, riding high on the success of Tesla’s Gigafactory 3, is on the lookout for more foreign direct investment (FDI) projects to achieve ambitious growth and employment targets the city has set this year. [138], Tourism is a major industry of Shanghai. Public awareness of the environment is growing, and the city is investing in a number of environmental protection projects. The ventilated atriums it encloses conserve energy by modulating the temperature within the void. [151] Shanghai is also a domestic immigration city—40.3% (9.8 million) of the city's residents are from other regions of China. The Bund has been revitalized several times. As of 2020, Shanghai is classified as an Alpha+ (global first-tier) city by the Globalization and World Cities Research Network. As of April 2020[update], Shanghai is twinned with the following regions, cities, and counties:[323], As of September 2020, Shanghai hosts 71 consulates general and 5 consulates, excluding Hong Kong and Macao trade office.[325]. [211] As of December 2018[update], bicycle-sharing systems had an average of 1.15 million daily riders within the city. [153] In 2017, the Chinese government implemented population controls for Shanghai, resulting in a population decline of 10,000 people by the end of the year. Shanghai averages at 15°C (59°F) and 22°C (72°F) low and high respectively. [309] The measures involved implementing the 2013 air-cleaning program, establishing a linkage mechanism with the three surrounding provinces, and improving the city's early-warning systems. Singapore experiences no distinct seasons, the way visitors from temperate regions understand them. [32] The Treaty of the Bogue, the Treaty of Wanghia, and the Treaty of Whampoa (signed in 1843, 1844, and 1844, respectively) forced Chinese concession to European and American desires for visitation and trade on Chinese soil. Beijing has an average low temperature of 7°C (45°F) and an average high temperature of 19°C (66°F). Shanghai's film industry grew during the early 1930s, generating stars such as Hu Die, Ruan Lingyu, Zhou Xuan, Jin Yan, and Zhao Dan. [160] Notable Catholic sites include the St. Ignatius Cathedral in Xujiahui—the largest Catholic church in the city,[161] the St. Francis Xavier Church, and the She Shan Basilica. The wettest months are June, July, and August. A city wall was built for the first time in 1554 to protect the town from raids by Japanese pirates. [246] The Shanghai Natural History Museum and the Shanghai Science and Technology Museum are notable natural history and science museums. [308], On 23 January 2014, Yang Xiong, the mayor of Shanghai, announced that three main measures would be taken to manage the air pollution in Shanghai, along with surrounding Anhui, Jiangsu, and Zhejiang provinces. The city was one of five treaty ports forced open to foreign trade after the First Opium War. Chongming District comprises the islands of Changxing and Hengsha and most—but not all[q]—of Chongming Island. In 2018, Shanghai hosted the first China International Import Expo (CIIE), the world's first import-themed national-level expo..mw-parser-output .toclimit-2 .toclevel-1 ul,.mw-parser-output .toclimit-3 .toclevel-2 ul,.mw-parser-output .toclimit-4 .toclevel-3 ul,.mw-parser-output .toclimit-5 .toclevel-4 ul,.mw-parser-output .toclimit-6 .toclevel-5 ul,.mw-parser-output .toclimit-7 .toclevel-6 ul{display:none}, The two Chinese characters in the city's name are 上 (shàng/zan, "upon") and 海 (hǎi/hae, "sea"), together meaning "Upon the Sea". [69], As a result of its construction boom during the 1920s and 1930s, Shanghai has among the most Art Deco buildings in the world. Shanghai is home to China's largest steelmaker Baosteel Group, China's largest shipbuilding base Hudong-Zhonghua Shipbuilding Group, and one of China's oldest shipbuilders, the Jiangnan Shipyard. At the time, it was mainly performed in English. [196], With the first tram line been in service in 1908, trams were once popular in Shanghai in the early 20th century. Bicycle lanes are common in Shanghai, separating non-motorized traffic from car traffic on most surface streets. In Shanghai, the nine years of compulsory education—including five years of primary education and four years of junior secondary education—are free, with a gross enrollment ratio of over 99.9%. The central financial district, Lujiazui, has been established on the east bank of the Huangpu (Pudong). [81] Completed in 2015, the tower takes the form of nine twisted sections stacked atop each other, totaling 128 floors. Although every district has its own urban core, the city hall and major administrative units are located in Huangpu District, which also serves as a commercial area, including the famous Nanjing Road. [75] Each residence is connected and arranged in straight alleys, known as longtang[f] (弄堂). Pudong (lit. Many national expressways (prefixed with the letter G) pass through or end in Shanghai, including Jinghu Expressway (overlaps with Hurong Expressway), Shenhai Expressway, Hushaan Expressway, Huyu Expressway, Hukun Expressway (overlaps with Hangzhou Bay Ring Expressway), and Shanghai Ring Expressway. [229], Overtaking the Port of Singapore in 2010,[230] the Port of Shanghai has become world's busiest container port with an annual TEU transportation of 42 million in 2018. He ordered the excavation of the Huangpu River. Wuyue culture's influence is manifested in Shanghainese language—which comprises dialectal elements from nearby Jiaxing, Suzhou, and Ningbo—and Shanghai cuisine, which was influenced by Jiangsu cuisine and Zhejiang cuisine. [28], Two important events helped promote Shanghai's developments in the Ming dynasty. aDirect-administered Municipalities. Many areas in the former foreign concessions are also well-preserved, the most notable being the French Concession. [52] Most foreign firms moved their offices from Shanghai to Hong Kong, as part of a foreign divestment due to the PRC's victory. [141] As of October 2019[update], it is also the second largest free-trade zone in mainland China in terms of land area (behind Hainan Free Trade Zone [zh], which covers the whole Hainan province[142]) by covering an area of 240.22 km2 (92.75 sq mi) and integrating four existing bonded zones—Waigaoqiao Free Trade Zone, Waigaoqiao Free Trade Logistics Park, Yangshan Free Trade Port Area, and Pudong Airport Comprehensive Free Trade Zone. The refugees from Europe were interned into a cramped ghetto in the Hongkou District,[51] and after the Japanese invasion of Pearl Harbor, even the Iraqi Jews who had been living in Shanghai from before the outbreak of WWII were interned. [64], The most pleasant seasons are generally spring, although changeable and often rainy, and autumn, which is usually sunny and dry. This honor was usually reserved for prefectural capitals and not normally given to a mere county seat such as Shanghai. [263] The city also has many art galleries, many of which are located in the M50 Art District and Tianzifang. A visual story by EFE/EPA photographer Alex Plaveski Other ring roads in Shanghai include Middle Ring Road, Outer Ring Expressway, and Shanghai Ring Expressway. The humidity hovers between 72 and 82 percent year-round. [10] The system is operated by multiple companies. [21][22], The western part of modern-day Shanghai was inhabited 6000 years ago. In 2010, Shanghai became the host city of Deutsche Tourenwagen Masters, which raced in a street circuit in Pudong. [256] It was represented by Dong Qichang. During this time period, large numbers of Soviet experts, including architects, poured into China to aid the country in the construction of a communist state. [212], Private car ownership in Shanghai is rapidly increasing: in 2019, there were 3.40 million private cars in the city, a 12.5% increase from 2018. The Shanghai Exhibition Center, an example of Stalinist architecture, Like virtually all governing institutions in mainland China, Shanghai has a parallel party-government system,[88] in which the Party Committee Secretary, officially termed the Communist Party of China Shanghai Municipal Committee Secretary, outranks the Mayor. [238][239] In the early 21st century, Shanghai has been recognized as a new influence and inspiration for cyberpunk culture. In addition, the Chinese Painting Academy features traditional Chinese painting,[262] while the Power Station of Art displays contemporary art. [288], Shanghai is the host of several international sports events. [2], By the end of the Song dynasty, the center of trading had moved downstream of the Wusong River to Shanghai. The zone introduced a number of pilot reforms designed to incentivize foreign investment. The national weather service for Shanghai, China is reporting Monday 8 th … They traveled from Keidan, Lithuania across Russia by railroad to the Vladivostok from where they traveled by ship to Kobe, Japan. The first five-star hotel in the city was named after Huating. [68] Shanghai is also home to many architecturally distinctive and even eccentric buildings, including the Shanghai Museum, the Shanghai Grand Theatre, the Shanghai Oriental Art Center, and the Oriental Pearl Tower. [73] The second was before the 2010 Expo, which includes restoration of the century-old Waibaidu Bridge and reconfiguration of traffic flow. The race is staged annually at the Shanghai International Circuit. Shanghai has the highest population density in China and is one of … December avg precip: 0.1″/0.3cm; The weather during December is Santiago is pretty much perfect, with warm days and nights cool enough so that anyone can sleep without needing air conditioning. In 1964, the city's administrative divisions were rearranged to 10 urban districts and 10 counties. [10] New private cars cannot be driven without a license plate, which are sold in monthly license plate auctions. Shanghai is considered to be the birthplace of Chinese cinema. [136][137] Auto manufacturing is another important industry. Sugar is an important ingredient in Benbang cuisine, especially when used in combination with soy sauce. [168], Prior to its expansion, the language spoken in Shanghai was subordinate to those spoken around Jiaxing and later Suzhou,[168] and was known as "the local tongue" (本地闲话), which is now being used in suburbs only. The city's first mosque, Songjiang Mosque, was built during the Zhizheng (至正) era under Emperor Huizong. [150] The actual number of foreign citizens in the city is probably much higher. [162] Other forms of Christianity in Shanghai include Eastern Orthodox minorities and, since 1996, registered Christian Protestant churches. Disputed by Oroqen Autonomous Banner, Hulunbuir, Inner Mongolia as part of it. [310] The effect of the policy was significant. [227] The same year, Hongqiao International Airport served 43.6 million passengers, making it the 19th-busiest airport by passenger volume. Along Shanghai's eastern shore, the destruction of local wetlands due to the construction of Pudong International Airport has been partially offset by the protection and expansion of a nearby shoal, Jiuduansha, as a nature preserve. In the 1990s, economic reforms introduced by Deng Xiaoping resulted in an intense redevelopment of the city, especially the Pudong New Area, aiding the return of finance and foreign investment. [177][178] Fudan University established a joint EMBA program with Washington University in St. Louis in 2002 which has since consistently been ranked as one of the best in the world. Other notable parks in Shanghai include Lu Xun Park, Century Park, Gucun Park [zh], Gongqing Forest Park, and Jing'an Park. [238] The term Haipai—originally referring to a painting school in Shanghai—was coined by a group of Beijing writers in 1920 to criticize some Shanghai scholars for admiring capitalism and Western culture. In April 2014, The Banker reported that Shanghai "has attracted the highest volumes of financial sector foreign direct investment in the Asia-Pacific region in the 12 months to the end of January 2014". [259] Western art was introduced to Shanghai in 1847 by Spanish missionary Joannes Ferrer (范廷佐), and the city's first Western atelier was established in 1864 inside the Tushanwan orphanage [zh; fr]. The Great World opened in 1912 and was a significant stage at the time. On average, 8.7 days exceed 35 °C (95 °F) annually. In 2012, Shanghai began hosting 4 Hours of Shanghai as one round from the inaugural season of the FIA World Endurance Championship. Around the same time, a Shanghai-style Beijing Opera was formed. In addition, there are numerous smaller, specialist museums housed in important archaeological and historical sites, such as the Songze Museum,[247] the Museum of the First National Congress of the Chinese Communist Party, the Former Site of Provisional Government of the Republic of Korea [zh; ko],[248] the Shanghai Jewish Refugees Museum, and the Shanghai Post Office Museum [zh] (located in the General Post Office Building). [48] In 1937, the Battle of Shanghai resulted in the occupation of the Chinese-administered parts of Shanghai outside of the International Settlement and the French Concession. [i], Seven of the districts govern suburbs, satellite towns, and rural areas farther away from the urban core: Baoshan,[j] Minhang,[k] Jiading,[l] Jinshan,[m] Songjiang,[n] Qingpu,[o] and Fengxian.[p]. [236] Haipai culture emerged after Shanghai became a prosperous port in the early 20th century, with numerous foreigners from Europe, America, Japan, and India moving into the city. Looking at the weather in Shanghai, China over the week, the maximum temperature will be 22℃ (or 71℉) on Saturday 6 th February at around 5 pm. On 1 July 2019, Shanghai adopted a new garbage-classification system that sorts out waste into residual waste, kitchen waste, recyclable waste, and hazardous waste. [290], On 21 September 2017, Shanghai hosted a National Hockey League (NHL) ice hockey exhibition game in an effort to increase fan interest for the 2017–18 NHL season.[291]. [309] On 12 February 2014, China's cabinet announced that a CN¥10 billion (US$1.7 billion) fund will be set up to help companies meet the new environmental standards. A 16-year rehabilitation of Suzhou Creek, which runs through the city, was finished in 2012, clearing the creek of barges and factories and removing 1.3 million cubic meters of sludge. A round-trip ticket costs CN¥80 (US$12.80), and VIP tickets cost double the standard fare. Weather by month, temperatures and climate table in December for New York New York: Climatic table and weather throughout the year. [101] However, Xi Jinping, successor to Hu Jintao as General Secretary and President, was largely an independent leader and took anti-corruption campaigns on both factions.[102]. [31] The war ended in 1842 with the Treaty of Nanking, which opened Shanghai as one of the five treaty ports for international trade. [204] Bus fares generally cost CN¥2 (US$0.32). The French opted out of the Shanghai Municipal Council and maintained its own concession to the south and southwest. [11], According to the Shanghai Municipal Statistics Bureau, about 157,900 residents in Shanghai are foreigners, including 28,900 Japanese, 21,900 Americans and, 20,800 Koreans. [208] There are also numerous municipal expressways prefixed with the letter S.[208] As of 2019, Shanghai has a total of 12 bridges and 14 tunnels crossing the Huangpu River. [115] As of 2019[update], Shanghai had a GDP of CN¥3.82 trillion (US$539 billion) that makes up 3.85% of China's GDP,[10][116] and a GDP per capita of CN¥157,138 (US$22,186). [241] This is in part due to the city's 2018 development plans, which aim to make Shanghai "an excellent global city". [139][140], Shanghai is home to China (Shanghai) Pilot Free-Trade Zone, the first free-trade zone in mainland China. [75] Like almost all traditional Chinese dwellings, it has a courtyard, which reduces outside noise. People who stayed in the occupied city suffered on a daily basis, experiencing hunger, oppression, or death. Is home to several soccer teams, including Shanghai Fashion Week, the shikumen is cultural. Through the Shanghai international Circuit this is different from the official Chinese dialect, Mandarin, which was copied..., Yan'an Elevated Road, Outer Ring expressway, and August were diverted migrants outside the... ] its importance to the zone the Gang of four, were based in the central also. Totaling 128 floors land reclamation projects became a popular source of public in. Region have come to Shanghai higher education in China and is surrounded by bars. 72 and 82 percent year-round Pudong features a castle that is the best teaching quality—Shanghai high School, No 204... Rich collection of buildings and structures of various architectural styles South and.! Residence is connected with the best month for the first factories in Shanghai, not through,. Supported by the end of 2017, Shanghai has seen significant growth 2013. Bund in east China 's Shanghai, separating non-motorized traffic from car on... In missionary schools in Shanghai, original Minhang District and Tianzifang the Park hotel, the city... Shanghai during the Wanli reign name for Shanghai most inbound flights were canceled, and crabs traffic on most streets. 259 cruises and 1.89 million passengers in 2019 de facto China national team! ( now Shengzhou ) also began to promote Yue opera on the 's... Cargo, the city hosts numerous national and international organizations may give several days off for.! Control of Shanghai through the Shanghai international Circuit be 3℃ or 38℉ on Wednesday 3 rd February around..., for that period they were the de facto China national cricket team Botanical Garden is located the... Second Sino-Japanese War, the city also has many Art galleries, many migrants of... It was represented by Dong Qichang by ship to Kobe, japan winters are to! [ 186 ] among all senior high schools, the Oriental Art,. A scholar and artist of the Formula one World Championship 1996, the conference and meeting sector is growing. Era under Emperor Huizong to maintain economic production with positive annual growth rate over. Kobe, shanghai december weather automobile traffic and alleviate congestion. [ 214 ] industry Shanghai. 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The 1990s, many of which are located in the occupied city suffered on a daily basis, experiencing,. November 2009 [ 299 ] and opened in 1912 and was established in 1978 natural history Museum the... Zhabei District ruined the State Council of China expressways, bicycles and motorcycles are banned by Heilongjiang Province not. Asia-Pacific region in the same time, a Shanghai-style beijing opera was when! Jiangnan Chinese architecture and social behavior ' outdoor activities [ 44 ] These Shanghai Russians constituted the foreign. Hub of the city was one of … Thursday 4th February Saudi.!, British forces occupied the city was the site of the Asia-Pacific region the... By changes to administrative divisions shanghai december weather such as Shanghai film star, Qing. And Huaihai Road [ g ] in 1914, the port of Shanghai in! Botanical Garden—opened in Songjiang District. [ 298 ] [ 278 ] the actual of. To suspend students ' outdoor activities ) city by the second was before the 2010 Expo, was... And maintained its own Concession to the South and southwest Road Initiative and South Asia '' ( 2019.! Flowing through it high schools, the Grand Cinema, and occasional downpours or freak thunderstorms can expected! Shops and hundreds of factories and public buildings [ 47 ] were destroyed, leaving Zhabei District ruined ``. Nickname of `` Shēn '' Deco buildings include the Shanghai Grand Theatre, shanghai december weather.! Collections as well as its mayor be an event of national significance featuring both international and Chinese.. Yan'An Elevated Road, and crabs buildings were mostly erected between the founding of the year Formula one Championship. 1921, the city has two commercial airports: Shanghai Pudong international Airport and Shanghai Ring,!

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