The Battle of Averasboro was a costly delaying action that began in Harnett County on 15 Mar. Created March 16, 1865. You are standing near the center of the first phase of fighting in the Battle of Averasboro, March 15-16, 1865. William J. Hardee, Confederate general in the American Civil War (1861–65) who wrote a popular infantry manual used by both the North and the South. On this day in 1865, at the Battle of Bentonville, North Carolina, Confederate General Joseph Johnston makes a desperate attempt to stop Union General William T. Shermans drive through the Carolinas in the Civil Wars last days; however, Johnstons motleyforce cannot stop the advance of Shermans mighty army. Leaving the Army of Tennessee after Jonesboro, Hardee transferred to command the Department of Georgia, South Carolina and Florida. This decision proved fortuitous, as the Federals attempted to replicate Case’s earlier attack. ... (Richmond Tredegar) and a State site (Battle of Bentonville), I was very impressed by this battlefield site maintained by a preservation group! Confederate casualties were, Hardee asserted, "between 400 and 500." Averasboro stands today perhaps as his greatest military achievement. Fought over the first three days of July 1863, the Battle of Gettysburg was one of the most crucial battles of the Civil War.The fate of the nation literally hung in the balance that summer of 1863 when General Robert E. Lee, commanding the "Army of Northern Virginia", led his army north into Maryland and Pennsylvania, bringing the war directly into northern territory. The result was a brilliant delaying action that played out exactly as Hardee had planned and the day ended with his final line still in place blocking Sherman's advance. Looking Back to Cowpens: William J. Hardee and the Battle of Averasboro Posted on March 16, 2015 by Daniel Davis Lieutenant General William J. Hardee. The fight he had orchestrated had served its purpose. The fighting lasted several hours. Olustee Battlefield Historic State Park was the site of an American Civil War battle on 20 February 1864 won by the Confederates. Slocum, was advancing along this road (A) from Fayetteville to Averasboro. Not only had his army proven to Grant that it could fight, but he had won a concession from the commanding general. The goal of the battle was to delay, do damage, and slow the progress of General Sherman’s progress, and it worked. Learn about what the civilians faced as the Northern army approached and view the modern landscape through their eyes. —The Real Words of Captain John Parker. So well written I could vizualize Hardee’s formation and the play-out of his tactic. "Battle at Black River, March 16th, 65." All of these paintings/drawings are of great interest to me. On March 16, 1865, 150 years ago today, what became known as the Battle of Averasboro was joined between Hardee’s corps and elements from Maj. Gen. Henry Slocum’s Army of Georgia. Other books and sources on the subject depict all the notable parts of the battles, or show the entire battlefield itself with the various engagements depicted across it. Gens. You are standing near the center of the first phase of fighting in the Battle of Averasboro, March 15-16, 1865. The Battle of Averasboro was a costly delaying action that began in Harnett County on 15 Mar. Hardee used Maj. Gen. Lafayette McLaws to backstop the position. Darkness and heavy rains finally brought an end to the fighting. 1865, near the end of the Civil War.Maj. After abandoning Fayetteville, North Carolina to Maj. Gen. William T. Sherman’s army group, Lieutenant General William J. Hardee withdrew his corps north of the city. If you participated in the weekend ghost hunts in Fayetteville at the Sandford House that my team hosted in October, the name Slocum should sound familiar! During the Battle of Averasboro, the Union lost about 682 men while the Confederates lost about 500. Date: March 16, 1865 Available from http://www.loc.gov/pictures/item/2004661156/ (accessed May 17, 2012). J. S. Smith, "On the Battlefield at Averasboro," Confederate Veteran (February 1926). Taking up a position between the Cape Fear and the Black Rivers, Hardee would have an opportunity to exact payback to the Yankees. Looking south from Hardee’s second line at Averasboro. Elliot’s men were able to hold until they were overwhelmed by the oncoming blue divisions. On March 15th the left wing of General Sherman’s Union army, commanded by General H. W. Slocum, was advancing along this road from Fayetteville to Averasboro. First came Savannah and then Charleston. Fayetteville was yet another major city that Hardee was forced to abandon in the face of Sherman’s juggernaut. Scenario: Averasboro: March 16, 1865 North Carolina Type: Historical. William J. Hardee, Confederate general in the American Civil War (1861–65) who wrote a popular infantry manual used by both the North and the South. Hardee and the Battle of Averasboro Posted on March 16, 2015 by Daniel Davis Lieutenant General William J. Hardee. The Battle of Averasboro, NC. The first line will fight as long as possible and then withdraw to the next line behind them. For personal use and not for further distribution. Other books and sources on the subject depict all the notable parts of the battles, or show the entire battlefield itself with the various engagements depicted across it. First Confederate line at Averasboro. But I just have to ask: How could Hardee be “in the wake of the advance”? See: More on Civil War Battles from the Encyclopedia of North Carolina | More on Civil War Battles. The battle maps are well drawn, but there is only one map for Averasboro and two for Bentonville, depicting only selected pieces of the battles/battlefields. The fight delayed the Union advance, but Hardee's small force was no match for Sherman's left wing. If the first lines are able to hold off the attack long enough, by the time the last line is reached, fatigue and exhaustion will have set in and they are vulnerable to a counterattack by the combat hardened veterans. They were able to slow down General Slocum and his men in Averasboro. Using tactics first employed by Gen. Daniel Morgan at the Battle of Cowpens during the Revolutonary War, Hardee formed his men in three lines. Hardee had ordered the Clarendon Bridge over the Cape Fear River destroyed, removing the possibility of a vigorous pursuit by the Federals. Hardee’s immediate superior, Gen. Joseph Johnston, was in the process of assembling a makeshift army to delay Sherman’s advance. They had the upper hand until Maj. Gen. Henry W. Slocum, commander of Sherman's left wing, ordered up additional infantry led by Col. William Hawley. Using tactics first employed by Gen. Daniel Morgan at the Battle of Cowpens during the Revolutonary War, Hardee formed his men in three lines. If you would like a reply by email, note that some email servers, such as public school accounts, are blocked from accepting messages from outside email servers or domains. Known as “Old Reliable”, Hardee had forged this sobriquet at Shiloh, Murfreesboro and at the gates of Atlanta. Providing fresh perspectives on America's defining event, Saving History Saturday: New Preservation at Fort Blakely Battlefield, What We’ve Learned: A Podcast Conversation, The Confederate Flag and the Assault on the Capitol, 1861, 2021: The Sound of Conflict, The Voice of Birds, Civil War Myth Busting: The Fictional Confederate Irish Brigade at Fredericksburg, “…and if they mean to have a war, let it begin here" ?? The Averasboro Battlefield Commission, Inc. (ABCI) is tasked with the responsibility to preserve and present the story of the Battle of Averasboro. In the final month of the Civil War, the Battle of Averasboro took place DUNN – On a country road straddling the border of Harnett and Cumberland counties, there can … More time would be needed for the Confederates to rendezvous. Many of the Confederates didn’t stop at the depot, and Blunt’s Union army won a major victory. The fight at Averasboro led, three days later, to the Battle of Bentonville, one of the last major battles of the Civil War and the largest battle ever fought on North Carolina soil. This article is from the Encyclopedia of North Carolina edited by William S. Powell. The battle took place on the Smithville plantation, which was made up of three smaller plantations that had all been owned by John Smith. An advance by Col. William Vandever’s newly arrived brigade from Brig. Hardee and the Battle of Averasboro Posted on March 16, 2015 by Daniel Davis After abandoning Fayetteville, North Carolina to Maj. Gen. William T. The action was designed to delay and to damage General Sherman's progress, and it did both under the able and experienced leadership of General William J. Hardee. Mounted Confederate cavalry attacked an unprepared Union cavalry encampment. Kelly Agan, Government & Heritage Library. A native of Georgia, Hardee was a West Point graduate who served in the War with Mexico. Hardee possessed an acute military acumen. A couple hundred lines behind Butler was Col. Stephen Elliot’s men. 1862 Battle at Pound Gap, Kentucky: Confederates separate battles; 1865 Battle of Averasboro North Carolina (1,500 casualties) 1867 First publication of an article by Joseph Lister outlining the discovery of antiseptic surgery, in "The Lancet" Lee’s surrender was a result of him being surrounded in the Appomattox River Valley and thus he decided that any further effusion of blood would be useless. Robert F. Hoke and Daniel H. Hill marched from Kinston. Averasboro Website: http://www.averasboro.com/, Map of Battle: http://www.averasboro.com/History/MapofTheBattleofAverasboro/tabid/106/Default.aspx, History Channel: http://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/battle-of-averasboro-north-carolina, NC Markers: https://www.ncdcr.gov/about/history/division-historical-resources/nc-highway-historical-marker-program/Markers.aspx?MarkerId=HH-2, how many union and confederate soldiers where killed in this battle. Three homes are on the property, and they’re visible from the Averasboro Battle Scenic Byway.They were used as hospitals, with the Smiths caring for the wounded. Averasboro. Was he behind it or in front of it? The Battle of Averasboro was fought on the 8,000-acre Smith Plantation along the Cape Fear River, 20 miles northeast of Fayetteville. THE BATTLE OF GETTYSBURG. The Battle of Averasborough was part of the Carolinas Campaign during the American Civil War. After abandoning Fayetteville, North Carolina to … At dawn, March 16, 1865, the Federal XX Corps under Alpheus Williams advanced against the Confederate left under Lafayette McLaws, but were stopped by a counterattack. Battle of Gettysburg, major engagement in the American Civil War that was fought southwest of Harrisburg, Pennsylvania, and was a crushing Southern defeat. The Battle of Averasboro took place about 4 miles south of the Averasborough township. During the engagement, Morgan utilized what is known as a defense in depth to defeat a counterpart that both exceeded his own force in numbers and experience. About five miles south of Averasboro, Hardee deployed his troops in three defensive lines to impede Sherman's left wing. Chapter 4 On to Goldsboro through Averasboro 62. Comments are not published until reviewed by NCpedia editors at the State Library of NC, and the editors reserve the right to not publish any comment submitted that is considered inappropriate for this resource. Barrett, Sherman's March through the Carolinas (1956). The Battle of Averasboro, as Smith pointed out, was not fought in Averasboro. Technically a Federal tactical win, the preamble Averasboro was actually a Confederate strategic victory. This is the position of the first Confederate line when the Battle of Averasboro began on the afternoon of March 15, 1865. The Battle of Bentonville area, not far away, is more interesting and developed, and is about the last battle fought in the state. If you look at the 3rd paragraph, you'll see that the number killed is listed. Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press. Instead, he decided to march west in an effort to seize Raleigh and keep Lee and Johnston from uniting. Averasboro. The Battle of Averasboro was fought on the 8,000-acre Smith Plantation as Union troops advanced from Fayetteville. This position, with added numbers then engaged the enemy. On March 15th the left wing of General Sherman’s Union army, commanded by General H.W. Still in the big picture of the war Sherman and his men never lost momentum or did Appomattox lead the opposition to decide further fighting was useless and would only cause more death? Sherman had only made it as far as Smithfield when he learned of Lee’s surrender at Appomattox. It had bought Johnston a precious day to consolidate his forces. Although initially routed the Union soldiers rallied, counter attacked, and retook the camp. Falling back to McLaws’ position, Hardee reinforced this line by deploying Maj. Gen. Joseph Wheeler’s cavalry to McLaws’ right flank. Col. Henry Case’s brigade attacked from the far tree line. Finally, Col. Henry Case’s brigade pried Butler from his position by turning his left flank and the Confederates withdrew to Elliot’s line. 1028. In between, Bradley discusses in detail the Campaign of the Carolinas, which includes the following battles: Rivers’ Bridge, Wyse Fork (aka 2nd Kinston), Monroe ’s Crossroads, Averasborough (aka Averasboro), and the grand finale at Bentonville. This fact may have eaten at the quiet professional. Gen. James Morgan’s XIV Corps division was blocked by Wheeler’s troopers. On 15 March Gen. Joseph E. Johnston ordered Lt. Gen. William J. Hardee's 6,000 Confederate troops to engage the enemy while Maj. Gens. Chapter 7 A Critical Analysis of the Actions from Fayetteville to Averasboro 133. In the early 1850s, then Secretary of War Jefferson Davis had commissioned Hardee to compose a manual for drill. Thanks for visiting NCpedia and asking your question. The Battle of Bentonville, fought March 19-21, 1865, was the last full-scale action of the Civil War in which a Confederate army was able to mount a tactical offensive. The Battle of Averasboro (March 16, 1865) : On the afternoon of March 15, 1865, Judson Kilpatrick’s cavalry came up against Lt. Gen. William Hardee’s corps—consisting of Taliaferro’s and McLaw’s infantry divisions and Wheeler’s dismounted cavalry—deployed across … Though not a decisive battle, it is still significant." The engagement began to take shape according to plan. Averasboro Battlefield & Museum; Search. Enter your email address to subscribe to this blog and receive notifications of new posts by email. Col. Alfred Rhett’s brigade, under the direction of Col William Butler, manned the first position. Appendix A Driving Tour From Fayetteville to Averasboro 147. A defense in depth dictates that defending troops form parallel lines, usually several hundred yards behind one another. Nathaniel Jackson and William Ward. The Battle of Averasboro…..6. by Jim Kopchak. Similar to John Buford’s covering force action northwest of Gettysburg on July 1, 1863, Hardee’s battle was a tactical wonder. The fight near Averasboro was only a small battle; nonetheless, it effectively stalled Slocum's advance for one day, enabling Johnston to concentrate his forces and launch a full-scale attack against the Union left wing at Bentonville three days later. Exactly as the tactic called for, Hardee had arranged his men into three parallel lines. The veteran officer would prove to be more than equal to the task. Union casualties were reported at 682 killed, wounded, and missing. Was it a big and signifigant battle ? Fort Donelson Battlefield. John G. Barrett, The Civil War in North Carolina (1963). Chapter 6 Sherman's Assault on the Third Line 120. ... A single Union corps very nearly won the battle all by itself, however, and when reinforced, drove off the attackers, inflicting heavy casualties. Appendix B Order of Battle at Averasboro, March 15-16, 1865 167 Skirmishers were driven back, but the Confederates rallied and charged. By the middle of March, the forces that Johnston hoped to consolidate were still scattered throughout the state. Please submit permission requests for other use directly to the publisher. Following the end of the war, Hardee moved to Selma, Alabama and the former soldier became a planter. The battle resulted from a deliberate, well-planned, and well-executed Confederate tactical military maneuver in force--the first since the beginning of Sherman's march north. He passed away on November 6, 1873 and is buried there. An 1838 graduate of the U.S. Military Academy at West Point, N.Y., Hardee wrote the popular Rifle and Light Infantry Tactics in 1855. 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